Category Archives: Voiceover

VO Home Studio Considerations – Microphones

The Microphone: the one thing common to all voice work, in fact, the very graphic symbol of the profession. How many VO artists pose with their microphone for their head shots? For some voiceover artists, it represents a status symbol, like a fancy house or an expensive sports car.

Microphones can be purchased from less than $10 (those I don’t recommend) all the way to the far north of $5,000. (I admit that I don’t know how much Rush Limbaugh paid for the “golden EIB microphone”.)

There are three basic types of microphones used for quality voice work: dynamic, condenser, and ribbon. Two other types, carbon and crystal are used primarily for two way radio and telephones and don’t have sufficient quality for any other purpose. Dynamic mics are the most physically rugged, but since they require the air pressure to move or vibrate a coil of wire around a permanent magnet, they usually have a lesser high frequency response just due to the inertia of the slightly higher mass of the transducer. There are some very good dynamic mics that are used in radio studios such as the Electro voice RE 20 and the Shure SM 7, but the condenser mic is much more widely used in vocal recording, both VO and singers. Ribbon mics, although of high quality also, are the most physically fragile and are not widely used for VO work.

For the purpose of this discussion we will limit the scope to condenser mics, since they are priced from under $100 up to, well, far beyond my budget, and probably yours as well.

From your voice to the recording, there are three important components that determine and/or preserve the quality of the end result: the microphone, the preamp, and the analog to digital converter. These may be three separate devices, or two or three may be combined in one package. The USB microphones include all three within the microphone housing.

Purists with large budgets prefer separate (and usually expensive) components in order to get the best of the best of each. Preamps priced at $1,000 or more are not unusual. But is that the best approach for you? Well, that depends.

My advice for those who want or need to purchase a microphone is to consider where you are in your voiceover career, specifically the amount you are billing. How much you paid for your microphone may provide prestige among your peers, but is not even considered by most clients as a criterion for hiring you. Talent, experience, and the acoustic environment in which you record are far more important factors in your success. Voiceover is, after all, a business. The basis of any successful business is taking in more money than you expend.

Samson CO1U Microphone

Now to some specifics.  I  have used two recording setups — one at home and one at the TV station where I formerly worked.  USB mics are used at both.  The station used a Samson CO1U. They are currently selling for less than $100. I used it almost daily for six years recording TV commercials and promos for our station and others in our group with very satisfactory results.

Blue Yeti Microphone

I’m equally pleased with the Blue Yeti mic I use in my home studio. I believe it has a retail price of about $150, but I’ve seen them heavily discounted from time to time. It is also a USB mic and considerably more versatile than the Samson, featuring variable pick up patterns and the option of recording true stereo with one microphone. It also has a mini jack for headphone monitoring and a variable gain control. I haven’t had the need to change patterns or record stereo, but I’m very pleased with the quality.

I’ll take a lot of heat for my opinion, but I find USB microphones perfectly adequate for this stage of my career. I don’t know or feel that I have ever lost a job because of the technical quality of my recording on the audition.

I’ve also acquired a Blue Spark digital, yet another USB microphone that lists for around $200 .  The reason was not an increase in quality, but rather the ability to plug directly into my iPad for truly portable recording

Do I have microphone upgrade wishes? Sure.  I find it very interesting to go through catalogs and websites of companies like Musicians Friend and Sweetwater Sound to see the tremendous range and assortment of microphones available. Some day I may be able to afford a Neumann U87 and a $1,000 preamp, and, if so, it will produce better sound, but I’ll wager not 30 times better than my current setup.

Bottom line — let your career lead your equipment purchases rather than hoping your equipment purchases will pull your career.

Far more important than your microphone selection is the acoustic environment in your home studio.  Check out my other blog posts for some important facts and tips to tame unwanted sounds and reflections in your recording space.

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One Chance for a First Impression

We’ve all heard variations of that truism, “You can’t get a second chance to make a first impression.”  In our fast paced digital society, it is more true than it ever was. Email, text messaging, Skype, Facebook, Twitter, and social media in general have siphoned some usage away from the good old telephone, but if you are a business owner, that line of communication is not going away any time soon.

Marketing, promotion, and branding consultants focus intently on things like your website, your logo, your employee’s treatment of customers, and many other ways that your company is portrayed to the public. The perception and reputation of your business with your customers and those you hope to become customers hinges on the sum total of all these elements.

One impression that often falls through the cracks is that first moment when your business phone is answered. Whether it is answered by a live person or an automated attendant, a seed is planted in the caller’s subconscious that can grow into a lovely tree or a noxious weed.  And weeds can be very hard to uproot later.

The first choice is live vs recorded. Live is perhaps more personable, but it is more costly if an individual is dedicated exclusively to this duty, or disruptive to the efficiency of a person who must answer the phone while performing other duties. The frustration of interruption frequently reflects in the voice of the one answering, tarnishing that first impression. Each caller should get the immediate impression that their call and their needs are that business’s most important mission at that moment. That consistency is difficult if not almost impossible to achieve with a live person or persons answering the telephone.

Many businesses have transitioned to a recorded auto attendant who directs calls to the appropriate destinations. However there is not one of us who has not heard the complaints about these systems, and the ill will that they generate  Dropped calls, dead end paths, awful music that repeats endlessly, trite insincere platitudes (“Your call is very important to us”), and mechanical sounding voices are just a few from a seemingly endless list.  I’m convinced that most of these complaints can be avoided with careful planning of the call paths and the appropriate selection of the recorded voice and the text.

Yes, before you dismiss the idea of an IVR (interactive voice response) system, consider how such an approach could create a more consistent and positive first impression of your business. You may need to think outside the box created by many bad systems in the past, but the potential is there to create a welcoming environment at this crucial entry portal.

The first step is to put yourself in the mindset of someone calling your business  to determine what are their most likely desired outcomes of that call.  Then think through the minimum number of steps necessary for them to reach that goal.  Next consider the personality of your business that you’d  you’d like to project to your callers. Then  use this information to plan the call routing options, deciding on a male or female voice, selecting you music on hold, and writing the scripts.  Use the minimum necessary verbiage to convey the information the caller needs

If your callers might need to spend 15 seconds or more on hold, consider delivering a series of short messages about your business over the hold music.

Once the planning is complete, selecting the voice artist is crucial.  He or she should convey the personality of your business, whether it is serious or humorous, professional or personal.  After the scripts are recorded, review them carefully for both content and inflection.  A professional voice artist will be happy to work with you to hone the final product to meet your needs

A little advance planning and a professional voice can insure that the critical first impression received by callers to your business will be a positive one, supporting the perception that you are crafting through coordinated efforts in design and promotion.  Make certain you don’t neglect this essential point of contact with regular and potential customers.

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Welcome to the new, improved Stevan Speheger Media Services website.  It represents a consolidation of several sites and blogs which were dedicated to business ventures and personal interests.

A central location which is easier to access and to keep fresh will hopefully offset the slight extra effort to navigate to whatever facet drew you here in the first place.

The top and side menus are the key to getting to where you want to go.  Main areas are immediately visible while sub-pages of that topic are fly outs from the side menu.

At this time, there are four major areas consolidated into this site: my voiceover business, my video consultation and training service, my Scripture Science section including links to 26 one-minute television programs and soon-to-come links and information on the Creation-Evolution issue, and finally a description of and link to my eBook, Video in the Church, available for from for Kindle and Kindle reader software and apps.

My blogs on voiceover and on video systems have been combined into one, separated by categories.  If you are interested in one category but not the other, you can select a category in the left panel, and only blog posts on that topic will appear.  I’m likely to add another blog category on Scripture Science topics in the near future.

As I slowly slip into what’s know as retirement, I want to use what I’ve learned over 50 years, primarily in the broadcast and video fields, to benefit others in similar pursuits.  As an electrical engineer and a Christian, I want to share evidence that the Bible is accurate when it speaks to matters of science.  I am convinced that one does not need to check one’s scientific sensibilities when entering the door of the church.  I realize that this topic represents a lightning rod for the non-believers, and even some within the church.  I’m always open to free and open discussion of these assertions, but I’m also aware that there are some who hold opposing views passionately who chose to attack the messenger with name-calling and other degrading remarks.  Since those folks are usually high in emotion and deficient in information, I will purge those types of responses and replies in order to maintain a calm and honest dialogue.

Some other topics that could show up here in the future include amateur (ham) radio, and future developments in a plan to produce a weekly radio program featuring music from the 50s and 60s.

Once again, welcome and come back any time to see what has been added or changed.  Hopefully something you find here will encourage or benefit you in some way.


Home Studio Considerations – Part 2: Bouncing and Reflecting

In setting up a home studio for recording voiceover projects, quality electronics are important, but the more money you spend, the more money you will be wasting if you are working in a poor acoustical environment. In Part 1 and Part 1a of this series we discussed the importance of keeping unwanted sounds and noises out of your recordings. This time we will talk about what happens to the desirable sound, your voice, between your mouth and the microphone. Continue reading Home Studio Considerations – Part 2: Bouncing and Reflecting

Home Studio Considerations – Part 1a: Internal and External Noise

Electronically Generated Noises


It occurred to me that I had left out one essential topic to the discussion of noise, although this one is not related to your acoustic environment.  These are noises you hear as you playback your recordings that you didn’t hear with your ears in your studio.

This type of noise could usually be described as a hum, a buzz, a whine, or a hiss.  These are electrically generated noises, and could come from a variety of sources.  Continue reading Home Studio Considerations – Part 1a: Internal and External Noise

Home Studio Considerations – Part 1: External and Internal Noises

When I’m asked for my advice for setting up a home recording studio for voiceover, I quickly respond that there is no simple or universal answer.  In fact, there are likely as many different responses are there are persons who you may ask.  As a result, I approach posting my ideas with some reticence.  There will probably be those who respond with sharply differing advice, and I don’t claim to be the final authority on any of these topics.  My plea to those who disagree, please be kind and realize that what I’m suggesting has worked for me, but for anyone else, YMMV (Your mileage may vary). Continue reading Home Studio Considerations – Part 1: External and Internal Noises